Using Djinn / Jinn / Khodam / MuwakilIs Is it forbidden In Sunni Islam?
Bismillah il-Rahmaan ir-Raheem,
As-salamun ‘alaikum wa rahmatollah wa barakhatuh dear brothers and sisters,
Here, I will present to you the ruling of being served (i.e helped) by the Muslim Jinn in permissible acts and deeds, inshaAllah
Let us start from the first issue…
(Chapter) The Ruling about being served by the jinn
It is clear that Allah granted the Prophet Solomon a dominion that no one will be given after him, due to his supplication. If a human is being obeyed by the jinn, not by mastery over them, but by their own pleasing, is this considered permissible? Ibn Taymiyyah has written a response to this question:
Jinn, with humans, are in different situations. If one orders the jinn to what Allah and His Messenger has ordered from the worship of only Allah and obedience to Him and His Prophet, and he also orders mankind to the same, then that person is from the most virtuous of the patrons of Allah. And he is acting as the successor of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his lieutenant.
If a person uses the jinn for activities that are permissible and he also orders them to what is obligatory for them and prevents them from what is prohibited for them, then he is similar to a king that behaves in the same manner. Then the most he can become is a devotee of Allah among the general devotees of Allah, like the comparison between a Prophet who was given rule and a worshiping messenger of Allah: like Solomon and Joseph with respect to Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad, the blessings of Allah and peace be upon all of them.
If he uses the jinn for activities that have been prohibited by Allah and His Messenger, as idolatry, or killing one who has no right to be killed, or being an enemy of the people without fighting them, such as harming others or making them forget knowledge and other acts of oppression, or committing lewd acts- that is, he uses them to help him in sin and transgression and he is a disbeliever. If he uses them for acts of disobedience then he is a sinner, either a faasiq (wicked evildoer) or a sinner who is less than that. If the person is completely ignorant of Islamic law and uses the jinn for what he believes to be noble deeds, such as having the jinn take him to the pilgrimage, listen to innovations or take him to Arafat, then this does not fulfill the requirement of the pilgrimage, and similar other activities. The person is mislead and has been duped by such actions. –
Source: The World of Jinn and Devils by Shaykh Umar al-Ashqar, pp139 (online version) (referred to; Majmoo al-Fatawa, vol. 11, 307) –
Shaykh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin ‘Abdillaah ar-Raajihee
Question: We would like a detailed explanation on the issue of seeking assistance from the righteous Jinn.
Answer: Concerning seeking assistance from the Jinn, Shaikh-ul-islaam (Ibn Taimiyyah) mentioned that a human being making contact with the Jinn occurs in three scenarios:
First: When he calls him to Allaah and commands him to good and forbids him from evil. This is required. Calling to Allaah, commanding towards good, and forbidding from evil is required for humans and Jinn. But this only occurs if Allaah decrees for such to happen and so on. So he should give them da’wah (invitation to Islaam), command them towards good, and forbid them from evil only – not exceeding beyond this. This can occur for there may be found some righteous Jinn that attend some of the gatherings in which they can talk to the people. But this is if the person invites them (to Islaam) and ommands them towards good. This is necessary.
Second: That one seeks assistance from them in matters that are permissible, such as one seeking help from them in order to repair his automobile or to mend his farmland or to build his house. Shaikh-ul-Islaam (Ibn Taimiyyah) said: “The foundation with regard to it is that it is permissible.”
Hafidh ibn Taymiyya and Qadi Shawkani quote the following hadith:
‘Abd Allah bin Mas’ud, may Allah be pleased with Him, reported that our Prophet, (May Allah bless him and grant him peace), stated: “If you ever find yourselves stranded alone in a desolate place or jungle, then say, ‘O servants of Allah! Help me, Allah have mercy on you.’”
[Al-Kalim al-Tayyib, page 69, by Hafidhh ibn Taymiyya, and Qadi Shawkani in Tufhat ad-Dhakireen, page 130. Ibn Sunni, Imam Bazaar, Hafidhh al Hasamim and Imam Nawawi all quote this hadith also in their various books.]
Mullah ‘Ali Qari writes that our Prophet Muhammad, (May Allah bless him and grant him peace), said that: If you are in the jungle alone say, “O servants of Allah! Help me.” The servants of Allah are the angels, Muslims, jinn, or ‘abdal. This hadith is useful for travellers. [Al Hirzu al-ThAmin, page 378, by Mullah ‘Ali Qari]
Al-Shawkani said: “In the hadith (of a`inu) there is evidence that it is permissible to ask help from those one does not see among the servants of God, whether angels or good jinn, and there is nothing wrong in doing it, just as it is permissible for someone to seek the help of human beings if his mount becomes unmanageable or runs loose.” Tuhfat al-Dhakirin p. 155-156.
Abu Sa’d Abdullah bin Ahmad says, ‘Once, my daughter Fatima disappeared from the roof of the house. I got worried and went to the King of Baghdad, Sayyiduna Ghaus-e-Azam and asked for help. He said, ‘ Go to Karkh and sit in a deserted place during the night and form a fort around yourself. Think of me and recite . During the night, many Jinn will pass by you. Their faces will be very strange but do not be frightened. At the time of Sehri, the King of Jinns will come to you and ask you your requirement. Say to him that Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani has sent me from Baghdad and I want you to search for my daughter.’
Therefore, I went to Karkh and followed the instructions of Ghaus-e-Azam . During the silence of the night, horrifying Jinns passed by my fort. The faces of the Jinn were so horrific that I could not bear to look at them. At the time of Sehri, the King of Jinns came on a horse surrounded by a crowd of other Jinn. He remained outside the fort and asked me what I wanted. I said that Ghaus-e-Azam has sent me to you. As soon as he heard this, he got off the horse and sat on the ground. The other Jinn did the same and sat on the ground outside the fort. I informed him about the disappearance of my daughter. The King of Jinns made an announcement amongst the other Jinn, ‘Who has taken the girl?’ Within moments, a Chinese Jinn was captured and brought forward as the culprit. The King asked, ‘Why did you kidnap the girl from the city of the Qutb of this time, Ghaus-e-Azam ?’ The Chinese Jinn trembled and said, ‘Your Highness! I fell in love with her upon seeing her.’ The King ordered the Chinese Jinn to be beheaded and had my beloved daughter returned to me. Upon thanking the King, I said, ‘Ma’shaa-Allah ! You are a great lover of Sayyiduna Ghaus-e-Azam .’ On hearing this, he replied, ‘By Allah ! When Ghaus-e-Azam looks at us, all the Jinn begin to tremble. When Allah nominates a Qutb, all the Jinn and humans are ordered to follow him.’ (Bahja-tul-Asraar wa ma’danal anwaar, P140, Dar-ul-Kutubul Ilmiyyah)